J.Haydn – Violin Concerto no.4 – Cadenza

This was the first cadenza so far, were I was able to find a score. There are of course, several versions of the cadenza for this piece, but I found one, which was written by Haydn himself. It is also the first time I saw the word “cadenza” written out instead of just seeing a fermata on top of breaks for the instruments of the orchestra.

Haydn cadenza

Haydn cadenza 2

As one can see,  Haydn generally often used double or even triple stopping. He starts with an arpeggio going down, only just using the notes from a G-major chord. This fast played sequence is taken over by long lasting chords. After the next part, in which the instrumentalist has to perform a few scales, or parts of them up and down, a high pitched melody occurs, which is interrupted by two or more lower pitched notes. This scheme is kept up until the end of the cadenza. The only thing that changes, is the whole motif going on octave down and instead of just one voice in the melody, two are being used at the same time. After the octave drop- the two voiced melody is usually a third apart, except for the last few notes, where they are either an augmented fourth or a major sixth apart. The violin performs a thrill before the orchestra starts playing again.


As already mentioned, this was the first cadenza where I was able to find a score (on https://imslp.org/wiki/Violin_Concerto_in_G_major,_Hob.VIIa:4_(Haydn,_Joseph) ) , to work with. Through this I was able to observe much better, which themes and motifs were used to write it. Nevertheless, I have to say that I found especially this one a bit too short. I didn’t have the feeling that it became boring, but seeing that Haydn wrote the cadenza for his own concerto himself, I expected it to be longer than just eleven bars.